Installation of a brand new state of the art top-technology DRAINAGE system. This R-tank configuration is built underground and prevents flooding when sewer systems do not allow the proper flow.
U.S. Mayors Place High Priority on Energy Efficiency, New Technology Use
Despite budget constraints, U.S. mayors expect to significantly expand their investment in energy technologies over the next five years, according to a new survey of nearly 300 cities highlighting how cities are deploying new energy technologies to make their city operations and communities more energy efficient.
The survey, titled Energy Efficiency and Technologies in America’s Cities, was unveiled during The U.S. Conference of Mayors (USCM) 82nd Winter Meeting in Washington, D.C. at a session with mayors and U.S. Energy Secretary Moniz at the Capital Hilton. The survey can be found at usmayors.org/2014energysurvey.
“This survey shows again how mayors are leaders in energy innovation, deploying new technologies, pursuing new efficiency systems, reducing their communities’ energy use and lowering costs for their taxpayers. Their best practices as well as the findings of this survey confirm that investing dollars in city energy efforts is a very good investment for the private sector and the nation,” said USCM President, Mayor of Mesa, Ariz., Scott Smith.
Done in conjunction with Philips, the survey also indicates that mayors plan to make energy-efficient lighting technology (LEDs as the primary example) a top priority over the next two years. LED/energy efficient lighting was also overwhelmingly rated as the “most promising” technology for reducing city energy use and carbon emissions, with more than four in five cities of those surveyed (82 percent) reporting.
“The impact of lighting on an urban environment cannot be underestimated. It is simply one of the most important steps that mayors can take to make their cities feel safer and meet the sustainability goals of the 21st century city,” said Bruno Biasiotta, president and CEO of Philips Lighting Americas. “When we partner with forward-thinking communities, making their city buildings more energy efficient, their streets brighter and safer, and turn darkened structures into iconic symbols of their cities, we not only aid in cost savings, urban recovery and civic pride, we provide truly meaningful innovations. Our survey results show that mayors recognize this and we can help them take action.”
In addition to lighting, retrofitting public buildings also ranked as a top priority in improving the energy efficiency of city infrastructure. Significantly, mayors expect to use their own local resources, followed by partnerships with the private sector, as the sources of financing these technologies. And in terms of the actual deployment of new technologies, survey findings reveal that more than seven in 10 mayors believe their local utilities are now their city’s most important partner in doing so.
“Mayors remain optimistic about the energy technology marketplace, with two in three cities anticipating increased investment, whether it is for state-of-the-art lighting or solar energy systems. It is not only cities who have a stake in this success, but the U.S. economy when new industries prosper because of these homegrown efforts,” said USCM Energy Committee Chair Gresham (OR) Mayor Shane Bemis.
Of note, survey results also indicate that with recent weather events and associated power outages, three in four cities have developed plans to keep vital city services operating during sustained outages, and within three years, nearly 90 percent of all cities surveyed expect to have such plans in place.
Tom Cochran, USCM CEO and Executive Director said, “This survey provides timely and useful information on how mayors are leading in ways that save taxpayers money, reduce dependency on foreign energy, curb harmful air emissions, and grow jobs, businesses and the economy. With this survey data, we are establishing a record of local success that continues to build over time. Our partnership with Philips – the Mayors’ Lighting Partnership and this survey effort – is an example of how public-private collaborations can further mayoral leadership in this area.”
- 54% of cities responding are targeting outdoor lighting for improved energy efficiency or reduced energy consumption, second only to public buildings (83%). This shows a continued strong interest in street lighting and other outdoor lighting, as well as an opportunity to educate on the role LED lighting can play in improving energy efficiency in city-owned and operated buildings.
- 67% of cities plan to increase their deployment of new energy technologies over the next five years (as compared to current commitments). Twenty-three percent expect their deployment to remain the same, and only 4% plan to decrease their deployment.
- The most significant challenges facing cities when it comes to increasing energy efficiency and conservation are budget/funding constraints (84%), followed by high up-front costs (71%). Twenty-nine percent said that it is hard to justify upgrades because their current infrastructure is still working.
- 82% of cities responding named LEDs and other energy-efficient lighting as the “most promising technologies” for reducing energy use and carbon emissions in their city.
- When asked which of the following technologies their city government “previously” deployed, 82% said LED and energy efficient lighting, followed by 62% who listed low-energy buildings or energy-efficient appliances.
- When it comes to improving energy efficiency in buildings, 86% said retrofitting city-owned buildings is now a priority.
- Only 36% of the city’s responding have developed a comprehensive energy plan. Of the 64% who have not, 13% plan to develop one in the next year and 29% plan to develop one within two years.
I own a Smart TV, but it doesn’t connect or operate through a very smart interface. I have heating for my home, but it isn’t connected to any system or way to make it more efficient or smarter. But if the latest Google shopping spree is any indication, our homes will be getting smarter – and greener.
Google has just announced that it will be buying the company Nest Labs. The company makes internet-connected thermostats and fire alarms. Nest systems are lauded by environmentalists as they have the potential to help us save energy, money and greenhouse gases.
Internet companies like Google are eager to find new ways to get into our lives to quantify and understand what we do so they can sell us advertising. Nest is the recent company which will help Google do that.
Future plans on how this green thermostat will integrate into Google’s holdings is not yet clear, as both companies declined to comment.
Is your real estate value blowing in the wind?
Beyond the pure aesthetic aspect, there’s been growing concern with consumers on how wind farms may impact individual real estate prices. In other words, will that view of the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm that I find an uplifting road trip memory be a real downer for surrounding landowners when they go to sell? Researchers have studied this, actually. Here are the results.
When I was a kid, my father would trek us back to California every year (where he grew up). Sometimes, we went south. Sometimes we went north. Sometimes we went to the coast. Sometimes we did all three. But, I have one really vivid early 1980s memory from that time period—lying in the backseat of the car, looking up through dirty glass at very tall hills that seemed to blend into the gray of an early evening mist. A few points after the outline of the mountain disappeared a bit into the sky, there was a metal tower that seemed to be floating above in mid-air, an exclamation mark topped by a slowly spinning reflective pinwheel.
We were driving through the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm in California.
I couldn’t have told you exactly where we were at the time, but that memory is still incredibly vivid: soft mountain lines punctuated by lazy turns of a turbine that remain hypnotic to this day and could never be fully captured by the best of artists. (That’s one of my favorite vacation memories.)
Tehachapi Pass was one of the first large wind developments in the U.S. Today, wind development is just one arm of a renewables building blitz that is still heavily centered in California but is spreading across the U.S.—a product of bold investments, federal initiatives, state requirements and a consumer desire for cleaner energy.
But, consumer desires may be a bit at odds internally. As with traditional electric power equipment, consumers often want the end results of the technology—the power—without the view of all the equipment that makes it work: substations, pole-mounted transformers, pylons, and, in this case, turbines.
Beyond the pure aesthetic aspect, though, there’s been growing concern with consumers on how wind farms may impact individual real estate prices. In other words, will that view of the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm that I find an uplifting road trip memory be a real downer for surrounding landowners when they go to sell?
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) and the University of Connecticut say it ain’t so—at least in Massachusetts. They recently released a whole report on the subject “Relationship between wind turbines and residential property values in Massachusetts.”  And it’s not LBNL’s first study in this area but, instead, builds on 2009 and 2013 data sets of home sales near wind farms in the state.
In this version of the study, they “analyzed more than 122,000 home sales near 26 wind facilities in densely populated Massachusetts, finding no statistical evidence of an impact to property values.”
The team looked at three issues specifically: if the wind farm would alter the sense of place, if it impacted a view or if it was considered a nuisance due to noise or other annoying factors.
They did find one item in their list of “amenities, disamenities and turbine home price impacts” that did reflect a significant price effect: whether it was beachfront property (which kicked up prices over 25 percent).
The turbines, however, were “statistically insignificant.”
So, go ahead and buy that house near the wind farm. You should be A-OK on resale (unless the entire market tanks again).
And enjoy the view.
Reducing a Building’s Appetite for Energy, Water and Materials
Product certification programs like Cradle to Cradle are to building products as LEED is to buildings.
Sustainable architecture is our industry’s declaration that tomorrow shall have a voice in what we do today. The extent to which we value and attend to that voice not only sets our course, but that of future generations as well. It’s not so much that this heightens our responsibility—for certainly it does—but rather it raises our opportunity. As we answer the voice of tomorrow, opportunity extends from product manufacturers to building sites and into every community.
Sustainability is an essential structural element in the framework of a dynamic and necessary paradigm. It is the base of Maslow’s pyramid—ensuring the global population has access to essentials while higher order elements remain available and attainable. Our future relies on this worldview.
We know that the application of sustainable practices can effectively reduce a building’s appetite for energy, water and materials. The resulting economic benefits can persuade companies to commit to sustainability and the added community benefits brought by earning a “green stamp of approval.” But how can the industry surpass the notion that they’re being admonished to act because “eat your peas, they’re good for you”? Is there another way to see this as an opportunity?
Several years ago, former U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) Chairman Sandy Wiggins authored an executive briefing highlighting our most pressing environmental issues, each a result of our collective failure to adopt sustainable solutions. Some of his points included:
The global flow of natural resources (not including water) required to sustain the world’s economy today is 1,000,000,000,000,000 pounds per year. Less than 2 percent of this material stream is ever reused or recycled.
- The ratio (by weight) of waste generated to durable goods manufactured in our economy is 100:1.
- The energy efficiency of our economy (the percentage of consumed energy that actually does the useful work it is intended to do) is 2 percent.
- 15,000 of the 20,000 landfills in the U.S. are closed or over capacity.
- Humanity is pumping 15,000,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere every day. Global warming is affecting crop yields.
- World population is increasing at the rate of 10,000 people per hour, or 87,000,000 per year (more than 10 times the population of New York City).
Wiggins says, “…for the past two-and-a-half centuries, society has been liquidating its principal and calling it income.”
In response, the USGBC created a path for the building industry to ease these challenges. Mitigating cures, directly or indirectly, have each found a way to be expressed through the LEED system’s sustainability measures. As LEED evolves, it gets better. LEED v4 is not the end of the road for sustainability efforts. It continues to push the building industry forward in designing solutions that achieve a healthier standard within the built environment.
At Construction Specialties, we share an iterative path toward doing better by our customers and our community. Our first steps toward manufacturing, with regard to human and environmental health, were taken in the early 90s. By 1995, we knew we wanted to operate from a base of sustainability. We developed landfill avoidance programs, tracked results and set ever-increasing goals. We began reducing and eliminating certain process chemicals; repurposed an old 40,000-square-foot building, saving it from demolition; and joined the USGBC in 1999. We had arrived at the starting line. We have been “sustain-abling” (new verb) for more than 20 years and are advocates for the journey, knowing the destination will come in time.
By adding Cradle to Cradle certifications to the Materials & Resources Credits, LEED v4 encourages building product manufacturers to aspire to attain third-party certification for sustainable behaviors. Cradle to Cradle certification is to manufacturers and their products as LEED v4 is to architects and their buildings.
There are five primary components of sustainability under which dozens of subsets drive numerous initiatives, and all five are common to LEED v4 and the Cradle to Cradle Certified program.
I had first heard William McDonough and Michael Braungart speak at EnviroDesign in New York City in 2004, and was inspired to read their book, Cradle to Cradle. Shortly after, the USGBC offered an innovation credit for the certification, and we began the Cradle to Cradle certification process. It was a process that yielded a better understanding of a comprehensive and effective base of sustainability. Today, we have eight product lines and more than 100 variations of Cradle to Cradle Certified products at v2/v3 Silver and v2 Gold certifications.
We have become advocates for sustainability as previously defined and have found no better statement of purpose than that given by President Eisenhower in his Farewell Address in 1961.
“As we peer into society’s future, we—you and I, and our government—must avoid the impulse to live only for today, plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without asking the loss also of their political and spiritual heritage.”
With the newly released LEED v4, which now includes a focus on chemicals of concern and third-party validation through certifiers like the Cradle to Cradle Certified program, our invitation is to begin to identify the opportunities that green building provides: the ones that highlight the benefits of designing in response to global challenges; improve human health; seek greater energy and operational efficiency; and minimize impact and waste. At the same time, we gain the opportunity to serve as an example to customers and the public what impact and true principle is available by building with sustainably minded principles.
Cradle to Cradle is a registered trademark of MBDC.
Incandescent light bulb ban starts Jan. 1
The final phaseout of traditional incandescent light bulbs starts Wednesday, forcing consumers to abandon old-fashioned glass bulbs in favor of more expensive and efficient models that will save them money in the long run, experts said.On Jan. 1 it will become illegal to manufacture or import 60- and 40-watt incandescent bulbs because of federally mandated efficiency standards signed into law in 2007 by then-President George W. Bush.
Traditional 75- and 100-watt incandescent bulbs were phased out at the beginning of 2013, but the coming ban on 60- and 40-watt bulbs will have a greater impact on consumers because of their popularity for residential lighting, experts said.
Home Depot stores in the Dayton-Cincinnati region have “heavy inventories” of 60- and 40-watt incandescent bulbs that should last through the first six months of 2014, said Rob Kalp, the company’s district manager for stores in Beavercreek, Centerville, Hamilton, Lebanon, Miamisburg, Piqua, Springfield, Trotwood and West Chester.
Kalp said some customers are used to incandescent bulbs and reluctant to make the transition to more energy-efficient LED (light-emitting diode) and CFL (compact fluorescent) light bulbs. “We want to make sure that we have a full selection to take care of those customers until they are comfortable with that change,” he said.
LED and CFL bulbs will reduce the environmental impact of commercial and residential lighting, and save consumers money, said Kevin Hallinan, a University of Dayton engineering professor and co-founder of the school’s master’s degree program in renewable and clean energy.
“The reason why the federal government legislated the change is because these incandescent bulbs use four times or more energy than other technologies,” Hallinan said. “That’s more pollution coming out of the power plants, that’s more carbon emissions, so this is really a good thing for the U.S.,” he said.
Experts said 90 percent of the electricity used by traditional incandescent light bulbs is radiated in the form of heat, rather than light.
“That’s why Easy-Bake Ovens have incandescent lights in them. They are actually better at cooking food than they are at lighting,” Hallinan said.
Kalp said consumers will pay more upfront for LED and CFL bulbs, but the new technologies will save homeowners about 85 percent and 75 percent, respectively, on their energy bills. In addition, LED bulbs can last up to 23 years, and CFL bulbs last about nine years, he said.
“They pay for themselves relatively quickly and then continue to save the customer money on their energy costs as the years go by,” Kalp said.
The average annual operating cost of a 60-watt incandescent bulb is $8.74, said Kara McMillen, Dayton Power & Light’s residential program manager. In comparison, the operating cost of a 13-watt CFL — the equivalent to a 60-watt incandescent — is $1.89. That’s about a $30 energy cost savings over the life of the CFL bulb, she said.
“Switching to efficient lighting is one of the simplest ways to reduce your energy usage at home, and lighting typically accounts for about 10 to 15 percent of a home’s energy bill,” McMillen said.
DP&L offers an average $1.40 discount on each CFL bulb purchase at area retail stores that include Home Depot, Lowe’s, Meijer, Menards and Wal-Mart. The discount is given at the cash register.
Hallinan said some consumers prefer the yellow-colored light from incandescent bulbs, but improvements have been made to both CFL and LED lighting in recent years to provide a softer, warmer look.
“I actually like the white lights better. They add more clarity to your view of things. You can see things better with the same intensity,” he said.
From: Robin Blackstone, ENN Published December 23, 2013 09:25 AM
Out with the old and in with the new–light bulbs that is!
As of January 1, 2014, 60 and 40 watt incandescent bulbs will no longer be manufactured or sold in the United States. Retailers will sell out what is on their shelves and not restock incandescents. George W. Bush signed the phase-out, which was called for by The Energy Independence and National Security Act, in 2007. The bill also includes improvements in energy efficiency for lighting and appliances many of which have been in stores for several years.
Consumers will benefit financially. The transition is better environmentally, as well; making it a win, win for all. Incandescent light bulbs presently make up for over half of all bulbs purchased but are inefficient, turning about 90 percent of the energy they consume into heat, not light. 75 and 100 watt incandescent bulbs have been phased out over the last two years.
According to Noah Horowitz, Senior Scientist and Director of the Center for Energy Efficiency for the Natural Resource Defense Council, the phase out will save Americans $13 billion on their annual energy bills.
Alternatives to the incandescent bulbs include the following:
Philips SlimStyle LED — Currently under consideration for ENERGY STAR certification, the SlimStyle LED bulb reduces energy consumption by 85 percent and lasts 25 times longer than a traditional 60-watt incandescent. It is dimmable, brighter and delivers a softer white light than CFLs. It is safer and lighter weight. The SlimStyle is available exclusively at HomeDepot.com starting January 2, 2014, just in time for the final phase out.
CFLs (Compact Fluorescent Lamps) —CFLs were the first alternative to incandescent light bulbs. Now it has been learned that LEDs are better and will last longer, yet the high initial investment puts them out of reach for most people. CFLs are widely available in grocery and convenience stores. They come in a spiral shape and A-line. If broken they can be hazardous to your health and disposal is difficult.
Energy-Efficient Soft White bulbs by GE — If you’re completely devastated by the idea of switching to those newfangled CFLs or LEDs, GE’s Energy-Efficient Soft White bulbs will ease your transition. They look and light exactly like the bulbs you grew up with, only they use 28 percent less energy.
USGBC Certifies 20,000th LEED Commercial Project
The movement for healthier, high-performing buildings has reached a new milestone, as the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) issued the 20,000th LEED certification for a commercial project.
USGBC’s Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) certified the offices and staff services space in the Green Mountain Coffee Roasters Inc. (GMCR) plant in Knoxville, Tenn., under LEED for Commercial Interiors (LEED-CI).
“The 20,000th LEED certification belongs to an organization that shares our social and environmental values, and we applaud GMCR on its accomplishment,” said Rick Fedrizzi, president, CEO and founding chair, USGBC. “This is an important milestone in our mission to drive market transformation in the built environment to practices that make healthy, high-performing buildings a fact of life.
“We’ve shown that LEED works, and the companies and organizations that use LEED set a high bar for leadership,” he continued. “But there is much work to be done, and even as we mark this milestone, we’re completing the launch of the next version of the rating system that will drive building performance to the next level.”
The Knoxville plant is the seventh LEED-certified facility for GMCR, based in Waterbury, Vt. Focusing on maintaining a resilient supply chain, offering sustainable products and contributing positively to the communities in which it operates, GMCR has made corporate social responsibility a central tenet of its business model. In 2010, 2011 and 2012, it was the world’s largest purchaser of Fair Trade Certified coffee, and it allocates a portion of its pre-tax profits to socially and environmentally responsible initiatives. In June 2013 Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships named GMCR a Northeast Business Leader for Energy Efficiency.
Sustainable features of the Knoxville project include a high-efficiency HVAC system and water-efficient plumbing fixtures that result in a 32 percent reduction in water use. Recycled content totals more than 24 percent of all building materials, work stations and seating, while a quarter of all building materials were harvested or manufactured within 500 miles of the project. The project also features high-efficiency lighting fixtures, daylighting and lighting controls, and renewable power sources generate more than 50 percent of the required power.
“One of our company goals is to transform the way the world understands business,” said Jason King, senior director of facilities and engineering at GMCR. “The passion we bring to creating great coffee is the same passion we put toward energy efficiency and environmental responsibility. We are proud to play a part in the green building movement because it closely aligns with our corporate values.”
As the world’s most widely used and recognized green building rating system, LEED guides the design, construction and operation of 10.5 billion square feet of commercial and institutional space globally. By using less energy, LEED-certified spaces save money for families, businesses and taxpayers; reduce carbon emissions; and contribute to a healthier environment for residents, workers and the larger community.
In November 2013, USGBC launched LEED v4, the newest version of the rating system that is poised to raise the bar for the entire green building industry, which McGraw-Hill Construction projects could be worth up to $248 billion in the U.S. by 2016. LEED v4 features increased technical rigor; a more intuitive online technology platform and simplified LEED credit submittal requirements; as well as new market sector adaptations for data centers, warehouses and distribution centers, hospitality, existing schools, existing retail and mid-rise residential projects.
EPA Regulations to Lessen Carbon Emissions Has Many Energy Impacts
The Obama administration has made strides in trying to curb the output of carbon emissions in the US. While some of the EPA regulations have moved forward, some have stalled out for the time being. The Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) was set to replace the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), but was vacated by the courts in late 2011 due to aggressive legal challenges. The Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) is expected to impact the retirement of a significant amount of coal generation in 2015 with estimates ranging from 10 to 60 GW of potential retirements. MATS is currently being reviewed by the Supreme Court and a decision will likely be made in the middle of 2014. According to a recent article, some believe that these regulations are part of a “war on coal.”
In summary, the article begs the question: How much coal-fired generation will there be in 50 years? The answer may not be as simple as it may seem. Yes, gas prices are cheap now. Yes, something needs to be done to help lessen the emissions of these coal plants. But how can this be done in a way that won’t put tens of thousands of people out of work and not send gas prices through the roof in the next 10 to 20 years?
It appears that the abundance of natural gas in the US is the first step in the scramble to reduce carbon emissions, while maintaining a secure electric grid. Natural gas is now replacing coal and it appears that trend will continue for the foreseeable future as a result of the volume of gas available and the continued low prices. Building a new power plant is expensive, but building a gas-fired plant is relatively inexpensive and fast compared to other options such as nuclear generation facilities and generally faces the least resistance in the approval and implementation phases.
Beyond the economic impact on coal country, another concern is the impact on grid reliability as new plants may not sufficiently replace older plants in regards to being available to run at the right place and right time as needed. Particularly in PJM, fear of costs from Reliability Must Run (RMR) contracts is a growing risk that is very difficult to quantify at this point. RMR costs are expenditures by the system operator to keep plants open that are economically viable, and are needed for system integrity.
There is also the risk of higher natural gas prices due to these changes. As gas replaces coal for generation supply, there will be an increase in gas demand which is bullish for prices, especially since the gas market is near long-term lows and with additional price support from eventual LNG exports and growing industrial demand. But so far, these factors have been shrugged off in the market place except for a modest year-over-year premium in the forward curve due to the abundance of shale gas reserves.
And while these reserves remain a boon, energy buyers should also consider the various upside risks in the market and consider locking in prices that are very attractive.
Elias Benaim – Development Director